Development of Project & Program Management System for Enterprise Innovation
(P2M) in Global Applications
Project management is now an indispensable prerequisite, not only for the construction
of diverse plants and large-scale buildings as well as the development of software
systems, but also for various research and development activities, development
of new products, and creation of new businesses and corporate management in this
era of transformation. ENAA compiled its Project & Program Management System
for Enterprise Innovation (P2M) in autumn 2001 after three years of continuous
research and development efforts. Compilation of P2M, which incorporates project
management practices unique to Japan, was undertaken by ENAA with the support
of METI (Ministry of Economy, Transport and Industry) with the aim of enhancing
the international competitiveness of Japan's enterprises so that Japan can play
a leading role globally. P2M is different from the knowledge systems of the West
in two ways, namely "project creation" and "capability building".
The former refers to programmed integrated management, while the latter refers
to 11 discrete management elements, such as portfolios, targets, financing, information
systems, and communications.
In each project, the project manager assumes the role of leader. Therefore,
training of competent and highly qualified project managers who can identify and
solve problems from a broad perspective, enhancement of their knowledge and capabilities,
and certification of such qualifications requires urgent implementation.
ENAA established a new certification system for project and program managers,
comprising the following three levels in ascending order, according to their levels
of professional missions, responsibilities and experience: Project Management
Specialist (PMS), Project Management Registered (PMR), and Project Management
Architect (PMA).Certification and accreditation works are undertaken by the Project Management Association of Japan (PMAJ). PMAJ is a non-profit organization (NPO) established in 2005 succeeding to Project Management Professionals Certification Center (PMCC). It is responsible for promoting project management and its certification system for project management professionals as well as maintaining, upgrading and promoting P2M.
P2M was revised and published in December, 2007, and certification on this revised version started in 2008.